Photo of a jack russell terrier sitting next to a man. They are both looking at each other and smiling.

First time dog owner guide

Congratulations on making the decision to add a dog to your family! Dogs make fantastic companions and with the right introductions, will become part of your family in no time.

We’ve got lots of advice on whether a puppy or adult dog is best for you, where to get your puppy or dog from, why socialisation is so important, and even tips on how to choose a name – but this handy checklist below will help you prepare and get everything in place before you bring them home. Good luck!

What to buy a puppy or new dog

  • A comfy bed
  • Food bowl
  • Water bowl
  • A lead. A basic lead is best for teaching your dog to walk nicely next to you.
  • A plain-buckle collar with your details on it or a tag. This is a legal requirement for UK dogs.
  • A harness. We recommend attaching your dog’s lead to a harness so they don’t experience pressure round the neck if they pull. Make sure it’s a harness that allows your puppy to walk and run naturally, as opposed to one that restricts the way they move.
  • Toys for keeping calm or amused, for example a Kong
  • Toys for play
  • Toys for teething (for puppies)
  • Crate

Choosing a dog training class

Taking your dog to a professional training class is a great way to build your relationship in a safe and structured environment with an expert on hand to guide you both. If you are able, we do recommend going along to a class rather than only training at home, as the trainer can give you hints and tips to help you train your dog in an effective way, and will likely offer advice you may not have thought of. 

Before you book, it’s a good idea to go along and watch a class (without taking your dog) to give you a feel for what’s involved. Good classes will have:

  • A friendly trainer who is helping dogs and their owners in a positive way
  • A calm atmosphere without over-excited dogs or lots of barking, which can be a sign of stress. The dogs and owners should also be relaxed.
  • Dogs shouldn’t be allowed to play uncontrollably
  • The trainer(s) should be able to handle the number of dogs in the class
  • Training methods should be positive and reward-based. Avoid any classes where dogs are punished or equipment such as choke or electric collars are used.

It’s worth noting that dog training classes aren’t regulated and so how good they are varies widely. Blue Cross only recommends taking a class where the trainer uses modern science-backed training methods, which focus on rewarding a dog using praise, food and play for doing well rather than punishment when they don’t get it right. Dogs are far more likely to repeat their good work when you make it clear they’ve done well, and positive training is a great way of building their trust in you and their confidence in themselves.

Be wary of trainers who use aversive training equipment, such as choke or pinch collars, or harsh methods such as physically pushing a dog into a sit or pulling them into another position. Dogs can find these training techniques stressful, and some even cause them pain.

We recommend searching the Association of Pet Dog Trainers or Puppy School websites for a trainer local to you. We have lots of helpful dog training videos where our expert behaviourists will take you through basic skills all pet dogs need to know.

Choosing a vet

Researching and choosing a veterinary practice before you bring your dog home will give you peace of mind if your dog suddenly becomes ill soon after you get them.

If you’re getting a puppy or a dog from a rescue without a vaccination history, you will need to take them to your vet a few weeks after they arrive home. Read more about dog vaccinations.

Read our advice about taking your dog to the vet for the first time to help you prepare.

Taking time off work to get a dog

The dog descended from the grey wolf over 15,000-odd years ago and has evolved to live and work alongside us. As such, they’re social creatures who like human company and most find being alone for long periods of time stressful and lonely. 

By planning ahead and preparing your dog to be comfortable when left for short periods (we recommend no longer than four hours at a time once they are old enough), you can fit your dog into your modern lifestyle.

If you’re planning on taking time off work to welcome your new puppy or dog home and settle them in, use that time to start working on getting them into a routine. Going straight from being around them constantly one week to leaving them alone for several hours straight the next will upset them and can lead to separation anxiety.

Time spent alone should be built up gradually over time to a maximum of four hours. Your dog, or puppy, will do best if they learn to be comfortable with being left.

If you do work full time and aren’t able to take your dog to work with you, we strongly recommend finding a family member, pet sitter, or dog walker who will spend regular time with your dog when you’re not around during the day.

Legal rights and responsibilities

Did you know that in the UK, pets have certain rights by law? British pet owners have a legal duty to make sure their pets’ welfare needs are met.

All puppies and dogs have the legal right to:

  • live in a suitable environment
  • eat a suitable diet
  • exhibit normal behaviour patterns
  • be housed with, or apart from, other animals suitable for their species
  • be protected from pain, suffering, injury and disease

You may also hear people referring to the five welfare needs as the ‘five freedoms’. Failing to meet a dog’s welfare needs could cause them to become sick, hurt, upset or stressed – and owners who fail to meet their dog’s welfare needs could be prosecuted.

Read more about this and other laws you’ll need to follow as a dog owner.

Top tips from real first time dog owners

We asked real dog owners at Blue Cross for their top tips and the things they wished they'd known when they first got their dogs. This is what they told us:

"The one thing I wish I would have known before getting a puppy is how challenging it is to crate train, you need to be persistent and realise that it isn’t going to happen overnight and takes time for the puppy to get used it!"

Lola the dachshund’s owner

"I wish I’d known how those puppy dog eyes can make you feel guilty for even popping to the shops. Even going on holiday without them can leave you worrying! The new addition is like a family member you are 100 per cent responsible for their whole life."

Shortcake and Pippin the Labradors’ owner

"With a busy family life, we include Diddy in our family activities. So weekends are full of exploring different walks, teaching him new tricks and then all snuggling down for a movie. This makes sure Diddy gets the exercise and stimulation he needs, as well as that fresh air and activity that is good for the family too."

Diddy the lurcher’s owner

"Don’t underestimate how hard [first time dog ownership] will be. There will be moments that you’ll doubt yourself and your ability to be a good dog parent. With persistence and patience, you’ll break through the other side and be overwhelmed with love and pride for just how far you’ve come together. There’s no feeling quite like it."

Flynn the lurcher’s owner

"I went through about 10 harnesses before I found the right one. Try to choose carefully, take your dog to the shop to be fitted and don’t buy a fleece one if your dog is going to get wet a lot! 

"I wouldn’t have it any other way as he gives me so much back, but you need to be prepared that your life is going to change and everything will now revolve around your furbaby! You’ll have to consider them anytime you want to do anything that will take you away for a little while so be prepared to start saying, 'sorry I have to get back for the dog!'."

Rigby the staffie’s owner

— Page last updated 26/05/2023