Archie the pitbull terrier enjoying his armchair

Our campaign to end breed specific legislation

This is why Blue Cross is calling on the government to repeal breed specific legislation.

Section one of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 outlaws four types of dog based on their physical appearance, regardless of whether or not the dog has ever behaved dangerously.
This legislation has been ineffective at preventing dog attacks. In fact, between March 2005 and February 2015, hospital admissions for injuries caused by dogs increased by 76 per cent.

Steve Goody, Blue Cross Deputy Chief Executive, said: “The years following the implementation of the Dangerous Dogs Act have shown that vilifying certain breeds of dog does not serve to reduce the number of dog attacks. 

“If we are to see any immediate progress we must focus our efforts on educating dog owners about their responsibilities and crack down on those who ignore this advice and use dog ownership for illegal and irresponsible purposes. Responsible dog owners understand the importance of careful breeding, early socialisation and training.”

Read more about why Blue Cross wants to see a repeal of breed-specific legislation below.

Over 80,000 of you signed our petition to DEFRA asking it to save section 1 dogs from being pointlessly euthanased. This was a fantastic response and showed how much you care – but we need to keep the pressure on and this is where you come in again.

Please use our template letter below to let your MP know you support repeal of section 1 of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 and ask them to contact the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) on your behalf.

Use this link to enter your postcode to find your local MP and send them an email telling them how you feel. A template is provided below but you can personalise it with your own experiences and thoughts on section 1 dogs and dog issues.

Tips for writing an email to your MP:

  • Include your full address. MPs usually request a full address so they know you're definitely a constituent of theirs. Our form just takes your postcode, so be sure to add your full address to the email.
  • Be polite. Whichever way you voted at the last election, please be courteous even to those we may disagree with.
  • Let them know you're a supporter of Blue Cross’s #endBSL campaign. It really helps our campaign gain momentum.
  • Personalise where possible - most MPs filter out identical messages.
  • You may receive an automatic reply to your message but this is usually just an acknowledgement of its arrival rather than the MP’s official response.
  • Allow several weeks for the MP’s reply as they receive a large amount of correspondence and cannot reply immediately to all messages.

We would be very grateful if you could let us know when your MP responds to your letter. You can email us at [email protected] or write to Blue Cross Public Affairs, 7 Hugh Street, London SW1V 1RP. You can also find us on Twitter at @BlueCrossPA.

Find your local MP

Download our template letter to send to your MP

Why the law needs to change

We believe the law, which unfairly penalises well-behaved dogs, places too much focus on what a dog looks like and by doing so has torn much-loved pets away from their families and also failed to protect the public from irresponsible dog owners.

Stray dogs

As an animal welfare charity with animal hospitals and rehoming centres around the country, Blue Cross often takes in stray dogs. When no owner comes forward, we find stray dogs loving new families – but banned types of dog are denied this happy ever after. 

The law bans rescue organisations from rehoming the four banned types, even if they have the temperament and behaviour to become sociable pets who pose no danger to society. Today, rehomable dogs are euthanised simply because of the way they look. 


Duncan the gentle giant
Duncan the gentle giant

Duncan was brought to us as an injured stray. Unfortunately the Status Dogs Unit (SDU) confirmed he was of type and would have to be euthanised after serving his stray days. Staff who dealt with Duncan described him as a gentle giant who was very well behaved. He knew basic commands and had he been another type of dog would had made a great companion to someone. The law meant Duncan was denied that chance.


Kane the big softy
Kane the 'big softy'

Kane came into one of our hospitals and was signed over to us by his owner. The SDU were called and confirmed that Kane was of type and would need to be euthanized. Kane was described by staff as a big softy who behaved like an overgrown puppy; he loved being around people and also was very good with other dogs. Our hands were tied because of the law and Kane was put to sleep as we were not able to send him on to one of our rehoming centres.


Poor Dobby had been used as a 'breeding machine'

Poor Dobby had been used as a breeding machine and once she was no longer any use, she was abandoned. Dobby stayed with us for her seven stray days and we made sure she got the veterinary treatment and care she needed. Throughout her week with us she learned to play, enjoy head rubs and put on weight. The SDU confirmed Dobby was an illegal type and her fate was sealed.

Each of these dogs had a life which they deserved to enjoy in a happy home with a loving family. Instead, they died simply because of the way they looked. This injustice must end.

Owned dogs

Pet dogs that have an owner can be seized by authorities if they are suspected of being an illegal type. If this is confirmed by a dog legislation officer, the owner may be allowed to apply to the court for an exemption order, allowing their dog to live under certain restrictions. The court must find that the dog does not pose a danger to society and that the owner is ‘fit and proper’.

During the exemption process, many dogs must stay in kennels, where they have little or no interaction with people or other dogs. For dogs who are exempted, restrictions prevent them from being able to exercise off-lead in public. Both of these conditions can have a negative impact on the welfare, mental health and behaviour of some dogs, which can lead to devastating consequences for the dog and owner, as Jordan Ward experienced: “Keelo was a well-socialised dog before being seized and placed on the exemption list at two years old. She spent 17 weeks in kennels with little or no interaction with anyone and, due to the restrictions that the Dangerous Dogs Act places on exempt dogs, had to wear a muzzle and be on a lead at all times in public places when I got her back.

Jordan and his dog Ty
Jordan and his dog Ty. He says the restrictions placed on his other dog Keelo caused irreversible behaviour problems which led t

"When out on walks Keelo was uncomfortable with strangers in the street and would alarm bark and lunge as we walked past people. This soon progressed to strangers in the house, and eventually, even the neighbours’ presence in the garden would cause her to become extremely anxious. This anxiety led to her redirecting on to my other dog, causing a fight which caused both dogs serious injuries. After this incident, I had to make the most difficult decision of my life and I had Keelo euthanised. 

“My loving, playful and extremely social dog was deemed to not be a danger to the public when seized by the police, however the restrictions placed on her turned her into a dangerous dog.”

Blue Cross Senior Animal Behaviourist Ryan Neile, explained: “Some dogs – regardless of breed or type – really struggle in a kennel environment and with a lack of human interaction. Sadly, the law requires many seized dogs to be kept in an environment which has a hugely negative impact on their welfare and can cause behaviour problems that didn’t exist before to emerge. The exemption process can be long, taking weeks, months or even years, and dogs’ behaviour can and does deteriorate during this time.

“Whilst some dogs can live happily under the restrictions placed on an exempted dog, others will really struggle with this new lifestyle and, as was unfortunately the case with Keelo, are sometimes put to sleep as a result. This is devastating, particularly when the dog has proved in court that they are no danger to the public.”

Impact on animal welfare professionals

The law asks veterinary surgeons to put to sleep healthy animals that have never caused anyone any harm. It requires other animal welfare professionals to notify authorities when a banned type comes into their care, even when they know the outcome for that dog is death. 

Vets, nurses, behaviourists and welfare staff across the animal welfare section train for their respective professions by studying and keeping up to date with current scientific study. When there is no evidence to suggest that banned types of dog pose any additional threat to the public than legal types of dog, asking these people to go against their professional judgement to a enforce a law which kills healthy animals takes a serious emotional toll; particularly for those who are so involved with caring for the dog.

Mythbusting: dangerous dogs ‘facts’

Myth: Pitbulls can lock their jaws when they bite
Truth: The anatomy of the canine species means it is not possible for any breed or type of dog to lock their jaws.

Myth: Only four breeds of dog are banned by dangerous dog law
​​​​​​Truth: Under English and Welsh law, four types of dog are banned. The word ‘type’ is important because it means that it isn’t just purely-bred pitbull terriers, Japanese tosas, dogo Argentinos, and fila Brasilerios that are illegal to own, sell, breed, give away or abandon, but also crossbreeds of these breeds and any dog which fits the physical description of these breeds.

In fact, the term ‘breed specific legislation’ is misleading because the definition of what is banned under the law is far from specific and doesn’t only apply to pedigree breeds.
Legislation bases the decision on whether a dog is illegal on looks alone – a dog’s breed, a dog’s parents’ breeds, DNA testing and behaviour don’t come into it. A dog’s family tree is not relevant under current law because a dog’s legality is all down to physical appearance. This means that half of the puppies in a litter of crossbreeds could be illegal types, when the other half of the litter is legal types.

The Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) has given guidance to law enforcers on what to look for when identifying a pit bull terrier type dog, but this guidance does not contain any identifying information regarding the other three banned types.

Myth: The four banned breed types were banned because they are the most dangerous dogs
Truth: The decision to choose to ban the four breed types under section 1 of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 was not based on any scientific study.

Myth: Pitbulls are bred to fight
Truth: Although dog fighting does sadly go on in the UK, it has been illegal since 1835. It is very rare for pill bull terrier types to be bred specifically for fighting today, and the vast majority of dogs killed under section one of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 are dogs bought and kept as pets.